Matthew chapter 23

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A Warning Against Hypocrisy

23 Then Jesus said to the crowds and to his disciples: “The teachers of the law and the Pharisees sit in Moses’ seat. So you must be careful to do everything they tell you. But do not do what they do, for they do not practice what they preach. They tie up heavy, cumbersome loads and put them on other people’s shoulders, but they themselves are not willing to lift a finger to move them.

“Everything they do is done for people to see: They make their phylacteries wide and the tassels on their garments long; they love the place of honor at banquets and the most important seats in the synagogues; they love to be greeted with respect in the marketplaces and to be called ‘Rabbi’ by others.

“But you are not to be called ‘Rabbi,’ for you have one Teacher, and you are all brothers. And do not call anyone on earth ‘father,’ for you have one Father, and he is in heaven. 10 Nor are you to be called instructors, for you have one Instructor, the Messiah. 11 The greatest among you will be your servant. 12 For those who exalt themselves will be humbled, and those who humble themselves will be exalted.

Seven Woes on the Teachers of the Law and the Pharisees

13 “Woe to you, teachers of the law and Pharisees, you hypocrites! You shut the door of the kingdom of heaven in people’s faces. You yourselves do not enter, nor will you let those enter who are trying to. 

15 “Woe to you, teachers of the law and Pharisees, you hypocrites! You travel over land and sea to win a single convert, and when you have succeeded, you make them twice as much a child of hell as you are.

16 “Woe to you, blind guides! You say, ‘If anyone swears by the temple, it means nothing; but anyone who swears by the gold of the temple is bound by that oath.’ 17 You blind fools! Which is greater: the gold, or the temple that makes the gold sacred? 18 You also say, ‘If anyone swears by the altar, it means nothing; but anyone who swears by the gift on the altar is bound by that oath.’ 19 You blind men! Which is greater: the gift, or the altar that makes the gift sacred? 20 Therefore, anyone who swears by the altar swears by it and by everything on it. 21 And anyone who swears by the temple swears by it and by the one who dwells in it. 22 And anyone who swears by heaven swears by God’s throne and by the one who sits on it.

23 “Woe to you, teachers of the law and Pharisees, you hypocrites! You give a tenth of your spices—mint, dill and cumin. But you have neglected the more important matters of the law—justice, mercy and faithfulness. You should have practiced the latter, without neglecting the former. 24 You blind guides! You strain out a gnat but swallow a camel.

25 “Woe to you, teachers of the law and Pharisees, you hypocrites! You clean the outside of the cup and dish, but inside they are full of greed and self-indulgence. 26 Blind Pharisee! First clean the inside of the cup and dish, and then the outside also will be clean.

27 “Woe to you, teachers of the law and Pharisees, you hypocrites! You are like whitewashed tombs, which look beautiful on the outside but on the inside are full of the bones of the dead and everything unclean. 28 In the same way, on the outside you appear to people as righteous but on the inside you are full of hypocrisy and wickedness.

29 “Woe to you, teachers of the law and Pharisees, you hypocrites! You build tombs for the prophets and decorate the graves of the righteous. 30 And you say, ‘If we had lived in the days of our ancestors, we would not have taken part with them in shedding the blood of the prophets.’ 31 So you testify against yourselves that you are the descendants of those who murdered the prophets. 32 Go ahead, then, and complete what your ancestors started!

33 “You snakes! You brood of vipers! How will you escape being condemned to hell? 34 Therefore I am sending you prophets and sages and teachers. Some of them you will kill and crucify; others you will flog in your synagogues and pursue from town to town. 35 And so upon you will come all the righteous blood that has been shed on earth, from the blood of righteous Abel to the blood of Zechariah son of Berekiah, whom you murdered between the temple and the altar. 36 Truly I tell you, all this will come on this generation.

37 “Jerusalem, Jerusalem, you who kill the prophets and stone those sent to you, how often I have longed to gather your children together, as a hen gathers her chicks under her wings, and you were not willing. 38 Look, your house is left to you desolate. 39 For I tell you, you will not see me again until you say, ‘Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord.’”


Wow. I just read this three times and it just shocks me each time. Jesus’ level of boldness just went off the scale. He knows His time is short on this earth, and His warnings are getting really intense. He is really striking out against religion and rules-based faith. How awkward it must have been for any religious leader to be sitting there listening. They were either furious with Jesus, or in a state of desperation to get right with God. We all know the Pharisees led Jesus to His death, but I’m sure some of them must have questioned their teaching and repented after the repeated warning of Christ. He did not leave a lot of room for interpretation in His warnings either. He first calls them out for “do what I say, not what I do” leadership. Hypocritical teaching.  Then He calls them out for loving their titles and the prestige it brought. Jesus tells them they are all brothers, so essentially, they are all equals in the kingdom of heaven. That must have been a slap in the face.

The seven woes are full of strong language, but all have the same basic theme. The religious leaders are being warned against teaching their converts to do the same things that they are doing. In other words, making the rules more important than love and mercy. He says in the second woe that they’d make them twice as much a child of hell as they are. The scriptures are clear that teachers will be judged more harshly than the rest. What are we teaching others? Is it about rules and regulations or is it about grace and love?

One of my favorite hidden gems is in this passage, woe number 4. Jesus talks about tithing. I’ve heard the argument so often that tithing is not mentioned in the New Testament and it was part of the law that was abolished when Jesus died on the cross. That is another long story, but the short version is, Jesus said to do it, in the New Testament.


Woe number 5 talks about cleaning the inside before worrying about the outside. Are we putting on a performance when we meet people or go to church, or do our actions in private match what we profess in public. It is a good heart check today. Are there areas in me that are unclean and full of wickedness? Am i hiding them when I should be confessing them?


Lord you are good. Your warnings are very clear in this chapter, it is all about love and grace, not rules and regulations. Show me Lord where I am falling into the trap of rules and not grace. Do I have unclean spots inside me? Reveal them to me today. Help me Lord to wipe these spots clean. You are mighty and awesome God, in Jesus name, amen.


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